Definition of Homeless

According to the federal McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act and California state law, the term “homeless children and youth” means “individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.

This may include one or more of the following situations:
•    Sharing housing due to economic hardship or loss
•    Living in motels, hotels, weekly-rate housing
•    Living in public or private places not designed for sleeping (e.g. cars, campgrounds, parks, abandoned buildings, or on the street)
•    Living in substandard housing (i.e. without utilities, overcrowded, in disrepair) or trailer parks
•    Living in a shelter (family, domestic violence, or youth shelter) or other transitional housing program
•    Awaiting foster care or living with an adult who is not a parent or guardian
•    Enrolling as an unaccompanied youth, without a legal guardian
•    Migratory children and youth who meet the definition criteria


Incarcerated students are not considered homeless, even if their family is homeless.
They are part of the juvenile justice system and are subject to the requirements and regulations thereof.

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