Section 504 is a federal law designed to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities in programs and activities that receive federal funds from the U.S. Department of Education (ED). Section 504 is a part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that prohibits discrimination based upon disability. Section 504 is an anti-discrimination, civil rights statute that requires the needs of students with disabilities to be met as adequately as the needs of the non-disabled are met. Section 504 provides: "No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States . . . shall solely by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance . . . ."
How do Section 504 and Title II differ?
The main difference between the two laws is that one applies to the recipients of grants from the federal government (Section 504) and the other applies only to public entities (Title II). A school or college may be both a recipient of Federal funds from the US Department of Education and also a public entity. In such cases, the institution is covered by both laws.
Are all school districts, colleges, and universities covered by these laws?
Virtually all public school districts are covered by Section 504 because they receive some federal financial assistance. Public colleges and universities generally receive federal financial assistance, and most private colleges and universities receive such assistance. There are some private colleges that do not receive any federal assistance, and Section 504 does not apply to them. Title II applies only to public institutions.
- A Parentís Guide to Section 504
- Section 504 ó Federal Civil Rights Law
- General Education Accommodations
- "Classroom Accommodations & Tips"
- Section 504 Questions and Answers
- Who is Eligible for Protections Under Section 504 . . . but Not Under IDEA?
- Section 504 and IDEA: Basic Similarities and Differences
- Tips for Teachers on Developing 504 Accommodation Plans
- Section 504, the ADA, and Public Schools
- IDEA, HR 1350 and Section 504: Discipline
- Section 504: What Teachers Need to Know